Singular and plural

A noun names a person, place, thing, or idea. Singular means one. Singular nouns refer to one person, one place, one thing, or one idea. Plural means more than one. Plural nouns refer to more than one person, place, thing, or idea.

Singular Nouns

  • Apple
  • Book
  • Car
  • Dog
  • Hat
  • Pencil
  • Towel
  • Window

Plural Nouns - For the plural form of most nouns, add "-s" to the end of the word.

  • Apples
  • Books
  • Cars
  • Dogs
  • Hats
  • Pencils
  • Towels
  • Windows

For some plural nouns, there are different endings to the word.

Nouns that end in "-ch", "-x", or "-s", add "-es" to make the word plural.

  • watch - watches
  • box - boxes
  • dress - dresses
  • bus - buses

Nouns ending in "-f" or "-fe", change "f" to "v" and add "-es" to make the word plural.

  • shelf - shelves
  • wife - wives
  • leaf - leaves
  • life - lives

Some nouns have different plural forms.

  • child - children
  • woman - women
  • man - men
  • mouse - mice
  • goose - geese

Nouns ending in vowels like "-y" or "-o" do not have definite rules.

  • baby - babies
  • toy - toys
  • kidney - kidneys
  • potato - potatoes
  • memo - memos
  • stereo - stereos

A few nouns have the same singular and plural forms.

  • sheep - sheep
  • deer - deer
  • series - series
  • species - species

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